A Look at Common STDs

Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are quite common among both women and men. Even if you do not experience any of the possible symptoms of an STD, it is still possible to have one. To protect yourself, your gynecologist is likely to recommend using a barrier method of birth control, such as condoms, even if you are already using another birth control method. It’s also advisable to talk to a gynecologist about STD testing and whether it might be appropriate for you.

Human Papilloma Virus (HPV)

Almost every sexually active individual will acquire HPV at some point. There are many different types of HPV . An individual can contract HPV through skin-to-skin contact, as well as vaginal, anal, and oral sex. Some types of HPV do not cause health problems, while others can cause genital warts. It is also possible to develop cervical, vaginal, vulvar, anal, and oropharyngeal cancers from an HPV infection. You can talk to your gynecologist about having an HPV test, which is often done in the same appointment as a pelvic exam and Pap test.

Chlamydia

Another common STD is chlamydia, which is a bacterial infection that may not cause symptoms. When symptoms do occur, they typically develop within one to three weeks of infection. Women may experience abnormal vaginal discharge, bleeding between periods, and painful urination. Although chlamydia is easily treatable with antibiotics, it can lead to severe complications if left untreated. The infection can cause permanent damage to the reproductive system, which may lead to infertility. Chlamydia also increases the risk of an ectopic pregnancy.

Herpes

Herpes is a viral infection caused by the herpes simplex virus type one (HSV-1) and type two (HSV-2). This virus can affect the mouth or genitals, causing oral herpes and genital herpes, respectively. It’s not uncommon to have the herpes virus and not experience any symptoms. However, people with oral herpes may notice cold sores around the mouth. Those with genital herpes may notice blister-like sores on the genital area, including the buttocks. The sores may be painful and itchy. A gynecologist can prescribe medications to manage a herpes infection.

Washington Surgi-Clinic upholds the utmost standards of patient confidentiality. For information on STD treatment near Washington, D.C ., visit our website or call (202) 659-9403. Our gynecology services also include safe, legal pregnancy termination.

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